How to do Basic Facebook Ads Audience Targeting For Your Niche


Facebook’s audience targeting capabilities are a massive part of its success thus far. It’s not just where you hone in on your target market, it’s also where you can maximize the dollar value from your ad spend.

As I mentioned previously, Facebook rewards advertisers whose ads are deemed “relevant.” Each ad you publish is given a “relevance score”. And according to Facebook, the best way to receive a high relevance score is to deliver an optimal ad experience for your audience.

This not only saves you money in ads, but ensures that the people who click on those ads are actually interested in your business’ product or service – maximizing your ad return down the line.

Facebook Ad targeting is quite extensive. For example, you can target by…

  • Every job title and industry imaginable (including, but not limited to, “Sea Captain,” and “Train Conductor”)
  • Every relationship category imaginable (including, but not limited to, “Newlywed – 6 months” or “Anniversary within 30 days”)
  • Every interest imaginable (including, but not limited to, “German cuisine,” “Projectors,” and “Mystery Fiction Books”)
  • Every behavior imaginable (including, but not limited to, “Returned from travelling within the past 2 weeks,” or “Fans of 3 or more American football teams”)

As an advertiser, of course, this level of detail is fantastic.

Just last night I was helping a friend create an ad set for his new company and we were able to target English-speaking rowers who had expressed an interest in motivational quotes (he’s just started a company selling motivational posters in the rowing niche). Not bad.

Facebook Ads

Let’s create a few Facebook Ad audiences to show you how you might uncover your own target market.

First off, let me explain how I tend to target my ad audiences:

Start big, and focus in. Use that “narrow audience” function until you get to between 25,000 and 200,000:

Facebook Ads

Ad Audience #1 – Promoting a new gym/yoga studio in Seattle:

Facebook Ads

Ad Audience #2 – Promoting a half-off offer on SEO consulting:

Facebook Ads

Ad Audience #3 – Promoting a “boy’s trip” weekend-getaway company:

Facebook Ads

All of these target audiences are in that Goldilocks zone of 50,000 – 200,000 Facebook users: not too small that your ad won’t be seen by enough people and not too large that the people who do see it aren’t likely to be interested.

For more on this topic, check out our guide on how to design a landing page based on your ad audience

Head back to Chapter 3:
Facebook Ad Design

Head on to Chapter 5:
Facebook Ad Targeting (Advanced)


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